The world of Classical Music
The term classical music has become a broad phrase that encompasses music from Europe from the medieval period )1300) to the 20th century. It is specifically the music that follows a progression of developing the notted (written down) music that develops a distinct tendency to favour complex and standardized forms and structures, The ensembles changed over time and change to suite certain compositions (the large orchestra, the smaller chamber orchestra, small chamber groups such as string quartets and very intimate solo and duet pieces. Here we will focus on the music starting in what is known as the Baroque Period, approximately 1600 - 1750) and introduce some examples of the music going up to a bout the 20th century
The baroque Period
During this period the use of compex chord sequences as well as intricate melodic devices such as CANON and COUNTERPOINT developed into a highly sophisticated set of guidelines for composing music. The development of notating (writing down the music) also advanced greatly during this period. Here are a few examples of this period
The Classical period approximately 1730 to 1820
During the classical period the emphasis drifted away from from the complex melodic devices such as Counterpoint, Fugue and Canon and rather emphasised a style that highlighted a strong melody over a chord structure. Orchestras became more prominent as an ensemble and the piano became a major instrument. During this period the Sonata Form (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonata) was developed and the form known as the Symphony (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony) became prominent
The Romantic Era APPROXIMATELY 1830 -1900
From Wikopedia "The Romantic period started around 1830 and ended around 1900, as compositions became increasingly expressive and inventive. Expansive symphonies, virtuosic piano music, dramatic operas, and passionate songs took inspiration from art and literature."